Along with the tangible and strategic factors that propelled the Athenians to victory were several intangibles that factored in their favor, including their love of freedom and rights as citizens that they did not want to lose; the fear of what the Persians would do to their city and families if they were to lose the …
When did Athens win the Battle of Marathon?
554 bc, Athens [Greece]—died probably 489 bc, Athens), Athenian general who led Athenian forces to victory over the Persians at the Battle of Marathon in 490.
Who won the Battle of Marathon and why?
|Date||August/September (Metageitnion), 490 BC|
|Location||Marathon, Greece 38°07′05″N 23°58′42″ECoordinates: 38°07′05″N 23°58′42″E|
|Result||Greek victory Persian forces conquer the Cycladic islands and establish control over the Aegean sea Persian forces driven out of mainland Greece for 10 years|
Why did the Greeks have an advantage at Marathon?
The absence of Persian cavalry is one of the reasons for the Greek victory. … The Greeks held an advantage at Marathon in the equipment of their infantry. An Athenian hoplite carried a heavy, 9-foot spear, wore a solid breastplate and carried an almost body-length shield.
Who did the Athenians defeated at the Battle of Marathon?
At the Battle of Marathon, Athens’ underdog victory stunned Persia. The surprise defeat of the mighty Persian Empire in 490 B.C. began the Golden Age of Athens and the Greco-Persian wars. A well-armed Greek hoplite (right) slays a Persian soldier in a detail from a 5th-century B.C. ceramic.
Why did Persia lose the battle of Marathon?
Though the Persians had a larger force, their weapons and armor were inferior, and they were not prepared for a direct attack. According to Herodotus’ account, the flanks of the Athenian army defeated the Persians, and then engulfed the Persians in the center. You may also read,
Why didn't the Spartans attend the Battle of Marathon?
6. The Spartans were not at Marathon… … Although the Spartans promised to send military aid to the Athenians, their laws stated they could only do so after the full moon had passed. Their aid thus arrived too late to help the Athenian army. Check the answer of
Who defeated the Persians?
At his death eleven years later, Alexander ruled the largest empire of the ancient world. His victory at the battle of Gaugamela on the Persian plains was a decisive conquest that insured the defeat of his Persian rival King Darius III. Darius was prepared for battle having selected this spot to meet his enemy.
Why did the Persians grow unhappy with their government after losing the wars?
after the losses in Greece, why did the Persians grow unhappy with their government? the Kings taxes people heavily to pay for magnificent palaces and other luxuries. Read:
Who defeated Sparta?
A large Macedonian army under general Antipater marched to its relief and defeated the Spartan-led force in a pitched battle. More than 5,300 of the Spartans and their allies were killed in battle, and 3,500 of Antipater’s troops.
Why is a marathon 26 miles?
Where did this curse-worthy, exhilarating .2 come from anyway? In the 1908 London Olympics, the marathon started at Windsor Castle and finished in the White City stadium, measuring 26 miles. Until that point, the marathon distance was roughly 24 miles, inspired by the ancient route run by Pheidippides.
What are Greek citizen soldiers called?
Hoplites (HOP-lytes) (Ancient Greek: ὁπλίτης) were citizen-soldiers of Ancient Greek city-states who were primarily armed with spears and shields. Hoplite soldiers utilized the phalanx formation to be effective in war with fewer soldiers.
Did the Greeks beat the Persians?
|Location||Mainland Greece, Thrace, Aegean Islands, Asia Minor, Cyprus and Egypt|
|Territorial changes||Macedon, Thrace and Ionia regain independence from Persia|
Why was it called the Battle of Marathon?
The Cause of the Battle of Marathon The Battle of Marathon was fought because the Persian Army wanted to defeat the Greek city-states that supported the uprisings in Ionia, part of modern-day Turkey, against the Persian Empire.
What weapons were used in the Battle of Marathon?
The Hoplite warriors were the basic infantry. Their main weapon was a 7-9 feet long spear, but they also had a short sword for close combat. To protect themselves they had a shield, they wore a bronze armor, a bronze helmet and greaves… If they could afford it.
What happened after the battle of Marathon?
Consequences. The defeat at Marathon was a decisive victory that marked the end of the first Persian invasion of Greece. The Persian force retreated to Asia. Darius then began raising a huge new army with which he meant to completely subjugate Greece.